Organizational Structuring

Organizational Structuring is based on visual illustrating chart or diagram that represents how specific roles, rules, responsibilities and information flow from level to level within the company to achieve the goals of an organization. Organizational structure can also be considered as the viewing glass or perspective that shows organization foundation on which standard operating procedures and routines rest.

At its highest level, an organizational structure based on either centralized Leadership where decisions flow from the top down or decentralized Leadership in which decisions are made at various levels. Configurations of Organizational Structure normally consist of Strategic apex (Leaders of Organization), Middle line (Managers of lower level), Operating core (Workers of lowest level, directly producing something or providing services), Technostructure (Analysts) and Support staff (helping other members of organization to perform their function)

An organization, depending on its objectives, can be structured in many different ways:

1

Pre-Bureaucratic

Pre-Bureaucratic structure is most common in smaller organizations particularly useful for new (entrepreneurial) business and is best used to solve simple tasks. The structure is centralized but lack standardization of tasks

2

Post-Bureaucratic

Post-bureaucratic structure, fully developed and have various standards and procedures, with a central command consisting of several board members

3

Functional

Functional structure, for small-to-medium sized businesses

4

Divisional or Multi-divisional

Divisional or Multi-divisional structure, for large companies with many business units like Product, Market or Geographical

5

Flatarchy

Flatarchy structure, used among many startups and small companies having a high speed of implementation.
6

Matrix

Matrix structure, most confusing and the least used as responsibilities are across different superiors, divisions or departments. Types of Matrix organization are Weak/Functional Matrix, Balanced/Functional Matrix and Strong/Project Matrix

7

Process Based

Process based structure, are designed around the end-to-end flow of different processes

8

Circular

Circular Structure, executives are in the center and aren’t seen as sitting atop the organization, spreading their vision outward by sending directives down the chain of command